The James Catalogue Of Western Manuscripts



O.1.18


  • Shelfmark: O.1.18
  • Manuscript Title: Enchiridion Augustini.
  • Alternative Title:   Augustine, Enchiridion
  • James Number: 1042  View Printed Catalogue Entry
  • Date: Cent. x.
  • Physical Description: 19 lines to a page. In a fine minuscule, written in England.
  • Provenance: It seems likely that the book is from Glastonbury. The acrostic on Dunstan as Abbot is an indication (though an unfinished later copy appears in a Canterbury book B.14.3) and also the remark 'Liber opt(imus)' which is in the style of the Glastonbury catalogue printed by Hearne (Joh. Glastoniensis ii. 423 spp.) On p. 426 there is an entry "Encheridion Augustini: duo libri, unus bonus, alius inutilis" [Ker (1964) rejects both Canterbury and Glastonbury.]
  • Donor: Part of the Gale collection, given to T.C.C. by Roger Gale in 1738. Marked C. 72. No. 204.
  • Size (cms): 20.5 x 14.5
  • Support: Vellum
  • Language: Latin; Old English; Music
  • Century: 10th century
  • Folio: 113 ff.
  • Collation:  110 | 28-128 (6 canc.) 138 148.
  • Second Folio:    (text) ne quo
  • IIIF Manifest URL:     https://trin-sites-pub.trin.cam.ac.uk/manuscripts/O.1.18.json
  • Online Since:     23/04/2013
  • f.1a is blank.
    On f.1b at top (xii?) liber (est) opt.
    Then in a hand of cent. x (faint):
    Ouis balat. Canis la(t)rat. Lupus ululat. Sus grunnit. Bos mugit Equus hinnit Asinus rudit Vrsus seuit. Leo fremit Elefans barrit. Coruus crocit. Merulus sclingit. Turdus truculat. A(nse)r scli(ng)it. Apis bobit. Turtur gemit. Rana coaxat. Hirundo minurrit.
    See Reifferscheid Suetonii Reliquiae, p.250.
    In a hand of cent. xi or xii:
    Huius mundi graues mine temppestat(es et) ruine
    Et pungentes eius spine nos in... sine.
    f.2 Title in red (faint) rustic capitals
    INCIPIVNT KAPITVLA LIBRI SEQV(ENTIS).
    i. Laurentio scribens eius eruditione delectatur.
    There are 136 capitula, ending f.10a:
    et caritate sit conscriptus.
    EXPLICIVNT KAPITVLA.
    f.10b is blank.
    On f.11 are verses in a hand of cent. x, xi: the initials not added.

    1. T)res nimium zimas dura de rupe recisas
    T)ot picę saltus capies tot sibila milui
    V)irginis et fastos ternos compone maniplos
    T)ot sonitus laticum ranę tot fronte capillos
    H)aec una uitreo calici congesta terantur
    V)ase rudi pilo bacho commixta liquore
    S)olis in exortu turbato porrige caluo
    M)ox teneros capiti cernes concrescere crines.
    See Riese, Anthol. Lat. 728, 729, and Wiener Studien, VII.342.

    2. D)efuncti uiuunt uiuentes morte tenentur
    M)ortuus hugo miser prestolor uiuere christo
    P)redia dans sanctis · octaua luce KL.
    S)eptembris ante ipse obiit cum pace quiescat
    Q)uod fuit esse quod est quod non fuit esse quod esse
    E)sse quod est · non esse quod est non est erit esse.

    3. f.11b P)eruigiles laudes o rubicunda dies
    F)ulgidus ardenti iungatur saphirus auro
    F)loribus in thalamis cincta cupressus eat
    E)xultent nostro magnae certamine nimphe
    )actibus exultes tuque puella meis.

    4. C)onspicuam primum speciem quia fata bearunt
    D)esine pompifero tu uiolare thoro.
    A)bsit ut albiplumem ualeat calcare columbam
    I)nter tot niueas rustica miluus aues
    N)ec rubeis carduus succrescat iure rosetis
    L)ilia nec campis uana cicuta premat
    N)ec miser eximię ceruę iungatur assellus
    Q)uem stimulis crebris sarcina seua domat.
    On f.12 the text of the Enchiridion begins.
    Title in red capitals.
    f.12 Incipit liber Enchiridion scī augustini epī ad Laurentium primicerium notariorum ecclesie urbis Rome. de Fide. et spe. et caritate
    Large initial D in black outline. The first two words Dici non, in green capitals filling a line: the next potest in red capitals which seem to me to have been supplied in cent. xii, over an erasure.
    There are interlinear glosses, and a few marginal, in two hands, one a most beautiful minuscule. All seem to be in Latin.
    The text ends on f.109: et caritate conscripsi.
    Then, in red capitals
    Explicit enchridion Agustini quem scripsit laurentio.
    ff.110, 111 are blank, save for the word enchiridion pencilled in cent. xiii? on f.111b.
    On f.112a are some faint pen-trials.
    On ff.112b, 113a is an acrostic (x, xi) of which a partial copy exists in B.14.3: I note the variants of this below.
    O PATER OMNIPOTENS DIGNERIS FERRE DONANTI
    Premia qui super alta poli quoque regmina nec noN
    Ac terram pelagi simul atque profunda per omne iD
    Tam meriti angelicos saeclum ciues regis almI
    Et sancti intribuas operis me crescere nemreG
    Rite tuum semper ualeam quo psallere nomeN
    K O tu nate patris gremio qui congeris actV
    Materno tectus populos queo fore relatuM
    Nempe pium formare deus quia cerneris astrA
    Inclite quod mundo monstrant mihi prendere po oB
    Perfectam throno tribuas caeli rogo palmam aB
    Occasum munus uitae exiguum atque coruschA
    K Teque patris nati rogo spiritus alma reclangiT
    En ubi sancte queam cum carmina uoce repentE
    Namque humili conscendere chors dum busta reliquaM
    Sanctorum pia uota ferens iam pulueris istuD
    Doctiloquo saeclum qui iam spreuere boatV
    Intrepidus trino et clarum conclangere carmeN
    f.113a K Gaudia quam implores caelesti semine neuiS
    Nuntius angelico ut me famine uirgo salutaT
    Explosis natum es concepto crimina natA
    Regmina qui trinum retinet mihi mystica numeN
    Intuitusque pii dignetur cernere visV
    Soluere tu proprium rogo quo dare longa per euuM
    K Ferte precor ceteris distincti cum [s.o above line] angelici reX
    Elapsisque patres pręsagi qui ordinibus Ṗ
    Reddere confantes cunctisque duces pia promtE
    Regmina nouenis patriarchae enoh mihi cum paR
    Et cum uos habraham uates [s.o above line] domino regit almE
    Dignetur ut opem tribus helia in pere soniS
    O logiam pellax ualeat ne dicere puppuP
    K Nunc priscos misero cuncti patres rogo pro mE
    Auxilium trepido et( )rinus post fundite doneC
    Neofilax sancti mihi cum p(e)tro principe soluaT [gloss above line: Naos .i. templum. Naofilax .i. templi custos]
    Tetrificumque preces superem noui hostem ut in orbE
    Incipit et uersus claudit ceu XPICTE rependaS.

    On the verso a note of cent. xii, as follows:
    mior secundum agustinum dicit quod non fuerunt simul passi sed sinior (?) anno integro ipsa die qua a fidelibus passio petri celebr(a)tur paulus decollatus est.
    gesippus autem qui(?) proximus fuit temporibus.
    aplorum(?)... a die simul pe&rus cruci.

    [James suggests that nemreg in line 5 represents germen and that post ob in line 10 represents post obitum.
    He notes these variants in B.14.3:
    line 9 Nemphe for Nempe
    line 12 corusca for coruscha
    line 15 reliqua(m) for reliquam
    line 22 mistica for mystica
    The version in B.14.3 ends at line 22.
    This is a double acrostic: the first letters reproduce the first line of the poem, 'O pater omnipotens digneris ferre donanti'; the last letters of each line spell out 'Indignum abbatem dunstanum xp̅e respectes'. The reference to St Dunstan as unworthy makes it likely that this poem was written by him. For a full explanation of this poem see Lapidge, Anglo-Latin Literature].

 

Trinity College Library, Cambridge 2019